Facial symmetry is the overall balance of the face and refers to whether or not the face looks even, with all parts working in harmony with each other. All parts of the face play a part in creating facial symmetry, but some parts contribute more strongly than others.
The nose and chin are two of the strongest determiners of facial symmetry. This is mainly because they are in the center of the face and protrude from the face.
The nose is at the center of the face and is therefore the focal point of the face. The shape and size of the nose can vary greatly from person to person and can greatly affect facial symmetry.
Additionally, the nose itself is not always symmetrical. Some people are born with crooked noses, noses that have bumps or noses that are curved. Some people also break their noses, which can change the shape of the nose and alter facial symmetry as well.
Ideally, the chin and the nose should form a line down the center of the face. How much the nose and chin stick out from the face and how wide they both are can affect facial symmetry.
Other aspects of the face and even the hairline can come into play with facial symmetry.
The eyes are one aspect of the face that can affect facial symmetry. For instance, in some cases, a person's eyes are not an equal distance away from the nose, making the face appear uneven.
The cheeks can also affect facial symmetry if one cheek is fuller than the other or if the cheek bones are uneven.
Lastly, the hairline can affect facial symmetry. Some people's hairlines come to a point on the forehead. When this occurs, the person is said to have a widow's peak. In some cases, widow's peaks can affect facial symmetry.
Additionally, when men begin to go bald, they sometimes do not lose hair evenly on either side of the head. This can affect facial symmetry.
Many plastic surgery procedures are aimed at correcting or balancing facial symmetry. Sometimes, patients opt to have multiple procedures at the same time in order to correct or balance facial symmetry. For instance, people will sometimes have nose surgery and chin surgery performed together.
Nose surgery, also known as rhinoplasty or a nose job, can alter the nose's:
This is by no means an all-inclusive list.
Chin surgery, also known as chin augmentation or mentoplasty, can also affect facial symmetry. Chin surgery can make a chin more or less pointy, wider or thinner, longer or shorter.
Other plastic surgery procedures that can affect facial symmetry include:
Altering facial symmetry and bringing a balance to the evenness of the face can be a self-confidence and self-esteem booster for many people.
American Society of Plastic Surgeons (2007). Chin Surgery (Mentoplasty). Retrieved November 2, 2007, from the ASPS Web site: http://www.plasticsurgery.org/patients_consumers/procedures/Mentoplasty.cfm.
American Society of Plastic Surgeons (2007). Nose Surgery (Rhinoplasty). Retrieved November 2, 2007, from the ASPS Web site: http://www.plasticsurgery.org/patients_consumers/procedures/Rhinoplasty.cfm.
information on health-related topics, not medical advice, diagnosis or
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